Significant works of art in codex form are sometimes reproduced, wholly and painstakingly, in a type of art book called a facsimile. Medieval illuminated manuscripts are most often the subjects of facsimiles.
Recently-produced facsimiles, published in very limited editions, are so skillfully made, so true to the originals, that it is sometimes hard to identify them at first glance as copies. The rich leather bindings have been fashioned to mimic the originals as closely as possible, sometimes even to the point of including metal clasps and mounted imitation jewels. The pages are replicas of the originals, as clear and as close to the colors and lines used by the medieval illuminators and calligraphers as photographic reproductions can be. Even the worm holes and other damage to the pages of the original manuscripts are reproduced in the facsimiles.
It has only been within the last thirty years or so that modern book-making technology has been able to produce facsimiles as good as these. They have been extremely useful to scholars of medieval studies because they make the unique, carefully guarded manuscripts, usually locked away in European libraries, museums, or cathedral treasuries, accessible to American art history graduate students. Although art historians are generally taught that there is no substitute for a close examinination of the original art work that one is studying, it is excusable in some cases to rely on a well-made reproduction.
Two of the finest and most heavily used of the Stanford Art & Architecture Library's collection of illuminated manuscript facsimiles are those of the Douce Apocalypse (Bodleian Library; Douce 180) and the Utrecht Psalter (Utrecht, Bibliotheek der Rijksuniversiteit; MS 32/484), landmark works in the history of medieval painting and book production. Our facsimiles were produced in 1981 and 1982 respectively by Akademische Druck und Verlagsanstalt, the Austrian firm that is one of the premier publishers of illuminated manuscript facsimiles. The Douce Apocalypse, which is in the collection of the Bodleian Library at Oxford Univesity, illustrates the Book of Revelation with 97 illuminations, which were probably painted between 1250 and 1275. Our facsimile faithfully reproduces the clarity, delicacy, and muted colors of the original illuminations. The Utrecht Psalter (owned by the University of Utrecht) is a ninth-century manuscript from northern France in which the psalms are illustrated with 166 vibrant pen drawings that give the appearance of having been executed with great speed and lightness.
In addition to medieval illuminated manuscripts, artists' sketch books of the 19th century and illuminated manuscripts of Middle American indigenous peoples are categories of codex that have occasionally been the subject of facsimile production.
Douce Apocalypse: Vollstandige Faksimile-Ausgabe im
Originalformat der Handschrift Ms. Douce 180, Apokalypse, aus dem
Besitz der Bodleian Library, Oxford. Graz: Akademische Druck- u.
2 v. (vii, xii, 12 leaves, 97 p.; , v-vii, , ,  pages of plates): ill. (some col.); 32 cm. (Codices selecti phototypice impressi; v. 72)
Art Locked Stacks, Medium BS2825.B59 1981 f
Evangeliorum quattuor Codex Lindisfarnensis; Musei
Codex Cottonianus Nero D. IV permissione Musei Britannici totius
codicis similitudo expressa. Prolegomenis auxerunt T.D. Kendrick
[et al.] Oltun, Urs Graf, 1956-60.
2 v. illus. (part col.) mounted plate, maps, diagrs., facsims. (part col.) tables. 41 cm.
Art Locked Stacks BS2554.A63 L5 f
Das Lorscher Evangeliar. (Hrsg.: Wolfgang Braunfels.
Faks.-Ausg.) Munchen: Prestel, 1967.
111, 124 l. with illus. 38 cm.
Art Locked Stacks BS2552.L6B7 f
Psautier d'Ingeburge de Danemark = Ingeborg psalter: Ms. 9
olim 1695, aus dem Besitz des Musee Conde, Chantilly: vollstandige
Faksimile-Ausgabe im Originalformat der Handschrift. Graz:
Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, c1985.
 leaves: col. ill.; 32 cm. (Codices selecti phototypice impressi; v. 80)
Art Locked Stacks ND3357.I5D4 1985 f
Sakramentar von Mets. Fragment. Ms Lat. 1141, Bibliotheque
nationale, Paris. Graz, Akadem. Druck-u. Verlagsanst., 1972.
2 v. (in case) 31 cm. (Codices selecti phototypice impressi, v.28)
Art Locked Stacks BX2037.A3.M4736 1972
Der Stuttgarter Bilderpsalter. Bibl. fol. 23,
Landesbibliothek, Stuttgart. Stuttgart, E. Schreiber, 1965.
2 v. with facsims. 28 cm.
Art Locked Stacks ND3357.S7A32
Trierer Apokalypse; vollstaendige Faksimile-Ausg. im
Originalformat des Codex 31 der Stadtbibliothek Trier.
Kodikologische und palaeographische Beschreibung, von Richard
Laufner. Der Kodex und sein Bildschmuck von Peter K.Klein. Graz,
Akademische Druck-u. Verlag., 1975.
2 v. plates(part col.) 27cm. (Codices selecti phototypice impressi, v.48)
Art Locked Stacks ND3361.R5.L39
Utrecht-Psalter, aus dem Besitz der Bibliotheek der
Rijksuniversiteit te Utrecht: Vollstandige Faksimile-Ausgabe im
Originalformat der Handschrift 32. Graz: Akademische Druck- u.
2 v.: ill.; 35 cm. (Codices selecti phototypice impressi; v. 75)
Art Locked Stacks BX2033.A35U86 1982 f
Vergilius Romanus, Vat. Lat. 3867, entstanden im 6.
Jahrhundert Zurich: Belser, c1985.
 p.: col. ill., facsims.; 35 cm. (Codices e Vaticanis selecti; Nr. 66)
Art Locked Stacks PA6801.A1V4 1985
Codex Dresdensis, Sachsische Landesbibliothek Dresden
Dresd. R 310).Vollst. Faks.-Ausg. des Codex im Originalformat.
Graz: Akadem. Druck- u. Verlagsanst., 1975.
1 case (2 sheets ; 25 x 221 cm., 25 x 138 cm. fold. to 25 x 10 cm. & commentary 93 p.,  leaves of plates): ill. (some col.), col. facsims.; 26 cm. (Codices selecti phototypice impressi; v. 54)
Spec Coll Rare Books Ref F1435.3.P6C54 1975
Codex Peresinaus (Codex Paris), Biblioth`eque Nationale,
Paris. Einleitung und summary [von] F. Anders. Graz, Akademische
Druck- und Verlagsanstalt, 1968.
41 p. illus (part col.) 26 cm. and facsim: 12 fold. l. 26 x 14 cm. (Codices selecti phototypice impressi. 9)
Spec Coll Rare Books Ref F1219.C66
Constable's sketch-books of 1813 and 1814 reproduced in
facsimile / Victoria & Albert Museum ; introd. by Graham
2d ed. London: H.M. Stationery Off., 1979.
3 v.: ill.; 9-19 cm.
Art Locked Stacks NC242.C5A4 1979
Delacroix, Eug`ene, 1798-1863. Le voyage au Maroc.
Paris: Editions du Sagittaire: Sagittaire Communication, .
6 v.: ill. (chiefly col.), facsims., map, ports.; 25 cm.
Art Locked Stacks ND553.D33A2 1992
Turner, J. M. W. (Joseph Mallord William), 1775-1851. The
'Wilson' sketchbook; with an introduction by Andrew Wilton.
London: Tate Gallery, 1988.
36 p., ca.127 p.: col. ill.; 13 cm.
Art Locked Stacks NC242.T9T87 1988
For additional information on manuscript facsimiles at Stanford University Libraries, visit the pages for John Rawlings, Curator for Medieval Studies, especially the section devoted to Manuscripts .
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