(full paper is archived in the Miller Library)
Title: Sulfide binding characteristics of blood serum in Calyptogena pacifica and Vesicomya gigas
Student Author(s): Snively, Gillian
Faculty Advisor(s): Kochevar, R. E.
Location: Final Papers Biology 175H
Date: June 1994
Abstract: The sulfide binding characteristics of blood serum were studied in-vitro in two deep-sea vesicomyid clams, Calyptogena pacifica and Vesicomya gigas. Both the C. pacifica and the V. gigas serum concentrated sulfide at least an order of magnitude above ambient levels. V. gigas accumulated sulfide faster than C. pacifica, reaching saturation at 5000 M after an hour. C. pacifica bound sulfide at half the rate of V. gigas, reaching saturation in about two hours at a substantially higher concentration of sulfide. The observed distribution of the animals near cold seeps in the Monterey Submarine Canyon can be explained by their different sulfide binding abilities. The hypothesis that cold seeps are actually much more unstable sources of sulfide than previously assumed is explored.