(full paper is archived in the Miller Library)
Title: Hearing and associative learning in cuttlefish, Sepia officinalis
Student Author(s): Rawizza, Holly E.
Faculty Advisor(s): Gilly, William
Location: Final Papers Biology 175H
Date: June 1995
Abstract: The ability of cephalopods to hear has been controversial for some time (Moynihan 1985; Budelmann and Hanlon 1987). However, the organs specialized to detect tiny water vibrations characteristic of sound have been identified (Budelmann 1992), and experiments have been successful in showing that cuttlefish, Sepia officinalis, have the ability to associate low frequency sounds (below 100 Hz) with negative stimuli such as electric shock (Packard et al. 1990). In the following experiments, it was determined that cuttlefish can hear within a frequency range of 9 Hz to 9260 Hz, and that cuttlefish possess the ability to complete a task, combining the cognitive ability to associate a sound stimuli with the presentation of food.