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  Topics: History: Science

African Indigenous Knowledge Systems
Dr. Gloria Emeagwali, Professor of History, Central Connecticut State University, provides citations to books and links to web sites relating to the, "Background History of Africa, African Food Processing Techniques, African Textile Techniques, African Metallurgy, Colonialism and Africa's Technology, and Mathematics in pre-colonial Hausaland, West Africa. http://www.africahistory.net
African Mathematical Union. Commission on the History of Mathematics in Africa
Includes issues of their newsletter, articles on "The Ancients", pages on mathematics in Ghana, Namibia, Nigeria, Zambia, Zimbabwe, profiles of African mathematicians. The newsletter has bibliographies and web sites. Maintained by Scott W. Williams, Professor, Mathematics Dept., State Univ. of New York at Buffalo. [KF] http://www.math.buffalo.edu/mad/AMU/amuchma_online.html
The Ants of West Africa
Includes brief histories of research on ants with citations to work from the 18th-19th centuries and chapters on Cameroon, Cote d'Ivoire, Ghana, and Nigeria.  Discusses the ant's role in cocoa plant disease. Has bibliographies. By Brian Taylor, Visiting Academic, Department of Life Science, University of Nottingham (UK). In association with Dr. Francis S. Gilbert.   [KF] http://research.amnh.org/entomology/social_insects/ants/westafrica/antcover.htm
Bergman, Albert - "On board the "Pensacola". The eclipse expedition to the west coast of Africa" (New York : s.n., 1890)
Short excerpt from an 1890 book on a U.S. expedition to observe the solar eclipse. "Starting in the mid-nineteenth century, the colonial powers of Europe and the United States sent expeditions all over the globe to observe solar
eclipses. From San Francisco's Exploratorium,"a museum of science, art, and human perception founded in 1969 by physicist Frank Oppenheimer." http://www.exploratorium.edu/eclipse/1890.html
Halsall, Paul - Internet History of Science Sourcebook
Includes mathematics, technology, medicine in Egypt. Maintained by Paul Halsall, Fordham University. http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/science/sciencesbook.html
Halsall, Paul - Internet African History Sourcebook
Has full-text sources for African history arranged by topics. Includes human origins, Egyptian mathematics. Maintained by Paul Halsall, Fordham University. http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/africa/africasbook.html
Inagina, the Last House of Iron
About a documentary film on metallurgy work by the Dogon blacksmiths of Mali.   "In Mali, on the cliffs inhabited by the Dogon, an ethnoarchaeologist and a cameraman participated in an extremely rare event : the reduction of iron ore. The experience was filmed and is a unique testimony of a thousand-year-old technology which has now disappeared." Directed by Eric Huysecom, Department of Anthropology and Ecology, University of Geneva and Bernard Agustoni, of TÚlÚvision Suisse Romande. In English and French. http://anthropologie.unige.ch/inagina
Library of Congress. Ancient Manuscripts from the Desert Libraries of Timbuktu
"Dating from the 16th to the 18th centuries, the ancient manuscripts... are indicative of the high level of civilization attained by West Africans during the Middle Ages." "The manuscripts...are from the Mamma Haidara Commemorative Library and the Library of Cheick Zayni Baye of Boujbeha,..." Has images of the documents which concern Islamic knowledge of astronomy, law, the Songhai Empire, slavery, Sufi religion, mathematics, political governance, medical knowledge, attitude towards non-Muslims, trade. [KF] http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/mali/
Precolonial Metalworking in Africa: a Bibliography - D.E. Miller & T. Maggs
Citations to books and journal articles. Maintained and updated by Dr. Duncan Miller, Department of Archaeology, University of Cape Town. http://www.uct.ac.za/depts/age/material/metbib.htm
South Africa. Department of Education. Eclipses in African History
Jeff Guy for the Ministerial History Project, April 2002. "On 4 December 2002 the northern regions of South Africa will experience a total solar eclipse. (For information on eclipses in general, and the coming eclipse see the FEST website http://www.fest.org.za/eclipse.html)" http://education.pwv.gov.za/sahp/articles/eclipses_in_african_history.htm
Volcanoes in Africa
Mainly photos of volcanoes in the Canary Islands, Cape Verde, Chad, the Comores, Ethiopia, Kenya, Reunion, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zaire. Some entries, (Cape Verde, Zaire for ex.), include some information on historical eruptions. Each entry has references to articles. One can search issues of the Bulletin of Volcanology by keyword. Located on the Volcano World site which is designed to distribute remote sensing data to non-technical users.
African volcanoes: http://volcano.und.nodak.edu/vwdocs/volc_images/africa/africa.html
Volcano World: http://volcano.und.nodak.edu/vw.html

Print Sources
Feierman, Steven - Health and society in Africa : a working bibliography.
[Waltham, MA] : Crossroads Press, 1979. 210 p. Series: The Archival and bibliographic series. Corp Author(s): Joint Committee on African Studies. ; American Council of Learned Societies. Subject (LC): Social medicine -- Africa -- Bibliography. Health Services -- Africa -- Bibliography. Health Services, Indigenous -- Africa -- Bibliography. Medicine, Traditional -- Africa -- Bibliography.
Patterson, K. David (Karl David) - Infectious diseases in twentieth century Africa : a bibliography of their distribution and consequences.
ISBN: 0918456290. Waltham, Mass. : Crossroads Press, c1979. 251 p. Series: (Archival and bibliographic series). Subject (LC): Communicable diseases--Africa--Bibliography. History of Medicine -- Africa -- Bibliography.



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