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CA Index Guide (Appendix I) 1994

General Subject Headings | Keyword Index

Subject Headings 53-58

A publication of the Chemical Abstracts Service published by the American Chemical Society, and reproduced here with permission from the Chemical Abstracts Service.

53. SOILS
               Clay minerals                                              
               Geological hydrothermal fluids                             
               Geological solid inclusions                                
               Geological weathering                                      
               Nitrogen cycle                                             
               * Ammonification                                           
               * Denitrification                                          
               * Nitrification                                            
               * Nitrogen fixation, biological                            
               Permafrost                                                 
               Soil acidity                                               
               Soil alkalinity                                            
               Soil amendments                                            
               * Fertilizers                                              
               * * Bone meal                                              
               * * Compost                                                
               * * Fertilizer analysis                                    
               * * Fertilizer experiment                                  
               * * Guano                                                  
               * * Lime (chemical)                                        
b              * * Limestone                                              
               * * Manure                                                 
               * * Slags                                                  
               * * Thomas meal                                            
               * Mulches                                                  
               Soil analysis                                              
               * Soil acidity                                             
               * Soil fertility                                           
               * Soil moisture                                            
               * Soil organic matter                                      
               Soil fertility                                             
               Soil organic matter                                        
               * Antibiotics                                              
               * Carbohydrates and Sugars                                 
               * Forest litter                                            
               * Humus and Humic substances                               
               * * Fulvic acids                                           
               * * Humic acids                                            
               * * * Chlorohumic acids                                    
               * * * Fulvanic acids                                       
               * * * Fulvenic acids                                       
               * * * Fulvinic acids                                       
               * * * Fulvonic acids                                       
               * * * Hymatomelanic acids                                  
               * * * Lignofulvic acids                                    
               * * * Lignofulvinic acids                                  
               * * * Lignofulvonic acids                                  
               * * * Nitrohumic acids                                     
               * * Humins                                                 
               * Lipids                                                   
               * Microorganism, soil                                      
               * Oils                                                     
               * Plant hormones and regulators                            
               * Proteins                                                 
               * Resins                                                   
               * Toxins                                                   
                       phyto-                                             
               * Vitamins                                                 
               * Waxes and waxy substances                                
               Soil pollution                                             
               Soil reclamation                                           
d              * Fertilizer experiment                                    
               * Irrigation                                               
               * Soil liming                                              
               * Soil stabilization                                       
               Soil salinity                                              
               Soil substitutes                                           
               Trace elements                                             
               Waters, natural                                            
                       ground                                             
               * Geological hydrothermal fluids                           
               * Soil moisture                                            
               Weathering products                                        
               * Laterite                                                 

General Subject Headings | Keyword Index

54. SOLIDS
a              Aggregates                                                 
                       [See Hierarchy 39]                                 
               Amorphous substances                                       
               Amorphization                                              
               * Electric conductors, glass                               
               * Glass, nonoxide                                          
               * Glass, oxide                                             
               * Glass structure                                          
               * Glass substitutes                                        
               * Metallic glasses                                         
               * Semiconductor materials, amorphous                       
               Crystals                                                   
               * Crystal defects                                          
               * * Color centers                                          
               * * Gorsky effect                                          
               * * Impurities and Impurity centers                        
               * * Paramagnetic centers                                   
               * * Peierle-Nabarro force                                  
               * * Stacking-fault energy                                  
               * * Thermal spike and Displacement                         
                     spike                                                
               * Crystal field                                            
b              * * Crystal field theory and Ligand field                  
                    theory                                                
               * * * Spectrochemical series                               
               * * Electric field gradient                                
               * Crystal morphology                                       
               * * Crystal dendrites                                      
               * * Crystal whiskers                                       
               * * Pseudomorphism                                         
               * Crystal lattice dynamics                                 
               * * Debye temperature                                      
               * * Debye-Waller temperature factor                        
               * * Grueneuen constant                                     
               * * Phonon                                                 
               * Crystal lattice energy                                   
               * * Madelung constant                                      
               * Crystal lattice statics                                  
               * Crystal lattice sum                                      
               * Crystallinity                                            
               * Crystallites                                             
               * Crystallization                                          
               * * CrystaI growth                                         
c              * * * Crystal growth kinetics                              
               * * * Endotaxy                                             
               * * * Epitaxy                                              
               * * * * Epitaxial growth kinetics                          
               * * * Syntaxy                                              
               * * * Topotaxy                                             
               * * Crystallization kinetics                               
               * * Crystal nucleation                                     
               * * Liesegang ring and Periodic structure                  
               * * Polygonization                                         
               * * Recrystallization                                      
               * * Zone melting                                           
               * * Zone crystallization                                   
               * Crystal orientation                                      
               * * Texture, metallographic                                
               * Crystal structure                                        
               * * Crystal structure determination                        
               * * * Stereology                                           
               * * CrystaI structure, mineral                             
               * * Crystal structure - property                           
                           relationship                                   
d              * * Crystal structure types                                
               * * * Diamond-type crystals                                
               * * * Garnet-type crystals                                 
               * * * Halite type crystals                                 
               * * * Perovskite type crystals                             
               * * * Pyrochlore-type crystals                             
               * * * Sphalente-type crystals                              
               * * * Spinel-type crystals                                 
               * * * Wurzite-type crystals                                
               * * Zeolites                                               
               * * Isomorphism                                            
               * * Polymorphism                                           
               * * * Enantiotropy                                         
               * * * * Allotropy                                          
               * * * * Monotropy                                          
               * * Polytypism                                             
               * * Solvation number                                       
               * * * Hydration number                                     
               * * Vegard's law                                           
               * Plastic crystals                                         
e              * Quasicrystals                                            
               Defect in solid states                                     
               Films                                                      
               * Coating process                                          
               * * Anodization                                            
               * * Electrodeposition and Electroplating                   
               * * Sputtering                                             
               * * Vapor deposition processes                             
               * Electrodeposits and Electroplates                        
               Granular substances                                        
               * Granulation                                              
               Microstructure                                             
               * Austenitic structure                                     
               * Bainitic structure                                       
               * Crystallinity                                            
               * Guinier-Preston zone                                     
               * Martensitic structure                                    
               * Pearlitic structure                                      
               * Polymer morphology                                       
f              * * Interfacial structure                                  
               * Texture, metallurgical                                   
               * Widmanstaetten structure                                 
               Particles                                                  
                     [See Hierarchy 39]                                   
               Phase transition                                           
                     [See Hierarchy 55]                                   
               Polycrystalline materials                                  
               * Ceramic materials and wares                              
                     [See Hierarchy 12]                                   
               Solid solutions                                            
               Supersolids                                                

General Subject Headings | Keyword Index

55. STATES OF MATTER
a              Disperse systems                                           
                         [See Hierarchy 39]                               
               Mixtures                                                   
               * Eutectics                                                
               * * Eutectoids                                             
               * Mixing                                                   
               * * Homogenization                                         
               Phase                                                      
               * Fluids                                                   
               * * Bose fluids                                            
               * * Fermi fluids                                           
               * * * Fermi gases                                          
               * * Gases                                                  
               * * * Bubbles                                              
               * * * * Bubble point                                       
               * * * * Bubbling                                           
               * * * * Effervescence                                      
               * * * Plasma                                               
               * * * Vapors                                               
               * * Liquids                                                
               * * * Drops                                                
b              * * * * Coacervates                                        
               * * * Liquid crystals                                      
               * * * * Liquid crystals, polymeric                         
               * * * Liquid structure                                     
               * * Superfluids                                            
               * Mesophase                                                
               * * Liquid crystals                                        
               * * * Liquid crystals, polymeric                           
               * * Plastic crystals                                       
               * Phase diagram                                            
               * Phase rule                                               
               * Transition                                               
               * * Glass temperature and transition                       
               * * Phase transition                                       
               * * * Condensation, physical                               
               * * * * Dew point                                          
               * * * * Frost point                                        
               * * * * Liquefaction                                       
               * * * Equilibrium                                          
               * * * * Critical state and phenomena                       
c              * * * * * Corresponding state                              
               * * * * * Critical constant                                
               * * * * * Critical solution state and                      
                                   phenomena                              
               * * * * * * Critical solution temperature                  
               * * * * * Polycritical points                              
               * * * * Le Chatelier's law                                 
               * * * * Liquidus                                           
               * * * * Solids                                             
               * * * * Supercooling                                       
               * * * * Supersaturation                                    
               * * * * Triple point                                       
               * * * Evaporation                                          
               * * * * Boiling                                            
               * * * * * Azeotropes and Azeotropy                         
               * * * * Boiling point                                      
               * * * * Clapeyron equation                                 
               * * * * Sublimation                                        
               * * * * * Efflorescence                                    
               * * * * * Zone sublimation                                 
               * * * * Volatility                                         
d              * * * Lambda point                                         
               * * * Melting                                              
               * * * * Congruence                                         
               * * * * Fusibility                                         
               * * * * Fusion, reactive                                   
               * * * * Liquation                                          
               * * * * Melting point                                      
               * * * * * Lindemann's law                                  
               * * * * Solids                                             
               * * * * Zone melt                                          
               * * * Softening                                            
               * * * * Softening point                                    
               * * * Solidification                                       
               * * * * Freezing                                           
               * * * * * Crystallization                                  
               * * * * * Freezing point                                   
               * * * * * * Liquidus                                       
               * * * * * Zone freezing                                    
               * * * * Devitrification                                    
               * * * * Gelation                                           
e              * * * * * Thizotropy                                       
               * * * * * * Rheopexy                                       
               * * * * Solidification point                               
               * Solids                                                   
                      [See Hierarchy 54]                                  
               * Systems                                                  
               Segregation                                                
               * Coagulation                                              
               * * Coacervation                                           
               * * Flocculation                                           
               * * Lyotropic series                                       
               * Liquation                                                
               * Partition                                                
               * Precipitation                                            
               * * Coacervation                                           
               * * Crystallization                                        
               * * * Cloud point                                          
               * * Liesegang ring and Periodic structure                  
               * * Precipitation, electric                                
               * * Precipitates                                           
               * * Salting out                                            
f              * * Spinodal decomposition                                 
               * Sedimentation                                            
               * Separation                                               
                       [See Hierarchy 52]                                 
               * Sorption                                                 
               [See Hierarchy 57]                                         
               Solution condition                                         
               * Azeotropes and Azeotropy                                 
               * Concentration condition                                  
               * * Concentration process                                  
               * * Dilution                                               
               * * Supersaturation                                        
               * Critical solution state and phenomena                    
               * * Critical solution temperature                          
               * Electrolytes                                             
               * * Battery electrolytes                                   
               * * Fuel cell electrolytes                                 
               * * Ionophores                                             
               * * Physiological saline solutions                         
               * * * Hypertonic solutions                                 
               * * * Hypotonic solutions                                  
               * * * Isotonic solutions                                   
g              * * Polyelectrolytes                                       
               * * Salt effect, kinetic                                   
               * Named reagents and solutions                             
               * Nonelectrolytes                                          
               * Solid solutions                                          
               * Solutes                                                  
               * Solvent                                                  
               * * Stoddard solvent                                       
               * * Solvent effect                                         
               * Solution process                                         
               * * Solubility                                             
               * * * Henry's law                                          
               * * * Krafft point                                         
               * * * Miscibility                                          
               * * * Solubility product                                   
               * * * Solubilization                                       
               * * * * Denaturation                                       
               * * * * Renaturation                                       
               * * * * Salting-in                                         
               * * Solution rate                                          
h              * Standard solutions, analytical                           

General Subject Headings | Keyword Index

56. STRUCTURE
a              Amorphous substances                                       
               * Glass structure                                          
               * * Metallic glasses                                       
               Cones                                                      
               Crystal structure                                          
                       [See Hierarchy 54]                                 
               Cylinders                                                  
               Disperse systems                                           
               * Colloids                                                 
               * * Aerogels                                               
               * * Aerosols                                               
               * * * Mist                                                 
               * * * * Fog                                                
               * * * Smoke                                                
               * * * Sprays                                               
               * * Emulsions                                              
               * * Gels                                                   
                * * * Micelles                                            
               * * * * Krafft point                                       
               * * Sols                                                   
               * * * Latex                                                
b              * Dispersion                                               
               * * Emulsification                                         
               * * Foaming                                                
               * * Gelation                                               
               * Foams                                                    
               * Suspensions                                              
               Dissipative structures                                     
               Distribution function                                      
               Electronic structure                                       
                       [See Hierarchies 6 and 49]                         
               Liquid structure                                           
               * Liquid crystals                                          
               * * Liquid crystals, polymeric                             
               * Solvation number                                         
               * * Hydration number                                       
               Magnetic structure                                         
                       [See Hierarchy 27]                                 
               Mesophase                                                  
               * Liquid crystals                                          
               * * Liquid crystsls, polymeric                             
               * Plastic crystals                                         
               Microstructure                                             
c              * Austenitic structure                                     
               * Bainitic structure                                       
               * Crystallinity                                            
               * Crystal orientation                                      
               * Guinier-Preston zone                                     
               * Martensitic structure                                    
               * Pearlitic structure                                      
               * Polymer morphology                                       
               * Texture, metallographic                                  
               * Widmanstaetten structure                                 
               Molecular structure                                        
                       [See Hierarchy 6]                                  
               Order                                                      
               * K-state                                                  
               * Superlattices                                            
               * Zener relaxation                                         
               Spheres                                                    
               Surface structure                                          
               * Interfacial structure                                    

General Subject Headings | Keyword Index

57. SURFACE
a              Capillary tubes and channels                               
               * Capillarity                                              
               * * Electrocapillarity                                     
               * Pore                                                     
               * * Porosity                                               
               Energy level, surface                                      
               Films                                                      
               * Coating materials                                        
               * Coating process                                          
               * * Anodization                                            
               * * Electrodeposition and Electroplating                   
               * * Sputtering                                             
               * * Vapor deposition processes                             
               * Disjoining pressure                                      
               * Electrodeposits and Electroplates                        
               * Epitaxy                                                  
               * * Epitaxial growth kinetics                              
               * Surface pressure                                         
               Interface                                                  
               * Contact                                                  
b              * * Adhesion                                               
               * * Cohesion                                               
               * * Contact angle                                          
               * * Interfacial energy                                     
               * * Hamaker constant                                       
               * Interfacial structure                                    
               * Interfacial tension                                      
               * * Marangoni effect                                       
               * Ion exchange                                             
               * * Anion exchange                                         
               * * Cation exchange                                        
               Sorption                                                   
               * Absorption                                               
               * Adsorption                                               
               * * Chemisorption                                          
               * * Chromatography                                         
               * * Chromatography, column and                             
                               liquid                                     
                * * * Chromatography, gas                                 
                * * * Chromatography, gel                                 
                * * * Chromatography, paper                               
c               * * * Chromatography, supercritical fluid                 
                * * * Chromatography, thin-layer                          
                * * Rebinder effect                                       
                * Desorption                                              
                * Sorption kinetic                                        
                * * Absorption kinetics                                   
                * * Adsorption kinetics                                   
                * * * Kinetics of chemisorption                           
                * * Desorption kinetics                                   
                Surface analysis                                          
                Surface area                                              
                Surface energy                                            
                Surface structure                                         
                * Beilby layer                                            
                * Order                                                   
                       surface                                            
                Surface tension                                           
                * Capillarity                                             
                * * Electrocapillarity                                    
                * Parachor                                                
                * Surface activity                                        
d               * * Hydrophilicity                                        
                * * * Hydrophile-lipophile balance value                  
                * * * Hydrophobicity                                      
                * * Lipophilicity                                         
                * * * Polarity index                                      
                * Wetting                                                 
                * * Contact angle                                         
                * * Meniscus                                              
                * * Spreading                                             
                * * * Marangoni effect                                    
                * * Wettability                                           

General Subject Headings | Keyword Index

58. TECHNOLOGICAL PROCESSES
a               Aerospace industry                                        
                * Aviation and Aeronautics                                
                Agitation                                                 
                Air conditioning                                          
                Air purification                                          
                Atomization, spraying                                     
                Biological action                                         
                Blasting                                                  
                * Abrasive blasting                                       
                Boiling                                                   
                Chalking                                                  
                Chemical engineering design                               
                * Optimizatian                                            
                * Robotics                                                
                * Simulation and Modeling,                                
                                   physicochemical                        
                Clarification                                             
                Classifcation                                             
                Cleaning                                                  
                * Dishwashing                                             
                * Laundering                                              
b               * Scrubbing                                               
                * Washing                                                 
                Coal gasification                                         
                Coal liquefaction                                         
                Coal treatment                                            
                Coating process                                           
                * Anodization                                             
                * Bronzing                                                
                * Cladding                                                
                * Electrodeposition and Electroplating                    
                * Enameling                                               
                * Epitaxy                                                 
                * Fireproofing                                            
                * Galvanization                                           
                * Glazing                                                 
                * Passivation                                             
                * Sputtering                                              
                * Staining                                                
                * Vapor deposition processes                              
                * Waterproofing                                           
c               * Waxing                                                  
                Combustion                                                
                * Ignition                                                
                * Incineration                                            
                Compaction                                                
                Control                                                   
                * Automation                                              
                * Instrumentation                                         
                * Proceas control snd dynamics                            
                * Quality control                                         
               * Robotics                                                 
               Cryogenics                                                 
               Crystallization                                            
               * Zone crystallization                                     
               Decrepitation                                              
               Demineralization                                           
               Depolarization                                             
               Design                                                     
               Destructive distillation                                   
               Desulfurization                                            
d              Digestion, chemical                                        
               Drying                                                     
               * Freeze drying                                            
               Electroporation                                            
               Environmental modeling                                     
               Environmental pollution                                    
               * Air pollution                                            
               * Soil poilution                                           
               * Water pollution                                          
               * * Biochemical oxygen demand                              
               * * Chemical oxygen demand                                 
               * * Total oxygen demand                                    
               Evaporation                                                
               * Sublimation                                              
               * * Zone sublimation                                       
               Exfoliation                                                
               Explosion                                                  
               * Detonation                                               
               Fermentation                                               
               * Brewing                                                  
e              * * Malt                                                   
               * * Malting                                                
               * * Mashing                                                
               * Distillery                                               
               Flow                                                       
               Fouling                                                    
               Gluing                                                     
               Granulation                                                
               Graphic arts                                               
                       [See Hierarchy 19]                                 
               Handling of materials                                      
               Heat transfer                                              
               Humidification                                             
               Leak                                                       
               Marking                                                    
               Marring                                                    
               Mass transfer                                              
               Mastication, physical                                      
               Mixing                                                     
               * Carburetion                                              
               * Emulsification                                           
f              * Kneading                                                 
               Odorization                                                
               Packaging process                                          
               * Electronic device packaging                              
               * Encapsulation                                            
               * * Potting                                                
               Petroleum recovery                                         
               * Petroleum wells                                          
               * * Drilling fluids and muds                               
               Petroleum refining                                         
               Polarization                                               
               * Depolarization                                           
               Preservation                                               
               Prilling                                                   
               Pumping                                                    
               Renflux                                                    
               Refrigeration                                              
               Saccharification                                           
               Safety                                                     
               * Electric shocl                                           
g              * Explosion                                                
               * Fire                                                     
               * * Fireproofing                                           
               * * * Fireproofing agents                                  
               * * * Fire-resistant materials                             
               * * Flame                                                  
               * * Ignition                                               
               * * Sparks                                                 
               * Health hazard                                            
               * Health physics                                           
               * Implosion                                                
               * Sanitation                                               
               Separation                                                 
                       [See Hierarchy 52]                                 
               Sequestration                                              
               Size reduction                                             
               Soiling                                                    
               Spraying                                                   
               Storage                                                    
               Transportation                                             
               Unit operation                                             
h              Unit process                                               
               Ventilation                                                
               Vacuum                                                     
               * Getters                                                  
               Vapor deposition processes                                 
               Wastewater treatmont                                       
               Water purification                                         
               * Fluoridation                                             

General Subject Headings | Keyword Index



Last modified: June 24, 2005

   
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