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### CA Index Guide (Appendix I) 1994

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#### Subject Heading 60

A publication of the Chemical Abstracts Service
published by the American Chemical Society, and reproduced here with permission from
the Chemical Abstracts Service.

##### 60. THERMODYNAMICS AND ENERGETICS

a Activity
* Osmotic coefficient
Calorimetry
Compression and Compressibility
Degree of freedom
Energy
* Activation energy
* * Evans-Polanyi equation
* Bond energy
* Crystal lattice energy
* Energy total
* Energy balance
* Energy level
[See Hierarchies 6 and 49]
* Energy transfer
* Geothermal energy
* Kinetic energy
* Localization energy
* Nuclear binding energy
* Nuclear energy
* Potential energy and function
b * * Correlation energy
* * Elementary-particle potential
* * Nuclear potential
* * Potential barrier
* * * Tunneling
* *Potential energy surface and
hypersurface
* *Pseudopotential
* Solar energy
* Stabilzation energy
Surface energy
* * Interfacial energy
Enthalpy and Enthalpy function
* Mollier diagram
Entropy
* Entropy of activation
* Mollier diagram
Equation of state
* Virial coefficient
Equilibrium
Expansion, Dilation and Elongation
c * Joule-Thomson effect
Free energy
* Chemical potential
* Free energy function
* Free energy of activation
* Linear free energy relationship
* * Evans-Polanyi equation
* * Isokinetic and isoequilibrium
relations
* Surface tension
* * InterfaciaI tension
Fugacity
Heat
* Cold
* * Cryogenics
* * Refrigeration
* Diathermy
* Heat balance
* Heat capacity
* * Isentropic exponent and Isenthalpic
exponent
* * Thermal activity
d * Heating
* * Annealing
* * Calcination
* * Cooking
* * Diathermy
* * Electrocaloric effect
* * Firing, heat-treating process
* * Joule-Thomson effect
* * Magnetothermal effect
* * Sintering
* * Tempering
* * Thermite process
* Temperature effects, biological
(Heat of physical process)
* Heat of ablation
* Heat of agglomeration
* * Heat of coagulation
* Heat of amorphization
* Heat of annealing
* Heat of association
* * Heat of denaturation
e * * Heat of hydrogen bonding
* * Heat of ion-pairing
* * Heat of micellization
* * Heat of renaturation
* Heat of atomization
* Heat of compression
* Heat of conformational inversion
* Heat of contraction
* Heat of deformation
* Heat of dielectric polarization
* Heat of dilution and Heat of
concentration
* Heat of dyeing
* Heat of expansion
* Heat of extraction
* Heat of immersion and Heat of wetting
* Heat of ion exchange
* Heat of magnetization
* Heat of mixing
* * Heat of emulsification
* Heat of molecular dynamics
f * * Heat of molecular orientation
* * Heat of molecular rotation
* Heat of relaxation
* Heat of resolution
* Heat of solution
* * Heat of alloying
* * Heat of amalgamation
* * Heat of solubilization
* * Heat of supersaturation
* Heat of sorption
* * Heat of absorption
* * Heat of adsorption
* Heat of spreading
* Heat of swelling
* Heat of transfer and Heat of transport
* * Heat of flow
* Heat of transition
* * Heat of crystallization
* * * Heat of crystal nucleation
* * Heat of denaturation
g * * Heat of evaporation and Heat of
condensation
* * * Trouton's constant
* * Heat of fusion and Heat of freezing
* * Heat of gelation
* * Heat of ordering
* * Heat of precipitation
* * Heat of recrystallization
* * Heat of renaturation
* * Heat of spinodal decomposition
* * Heat of sublimation and Heat of
condensation
Heat of reaction
* Evans-Polanyi equation
* Heat of abstraction reaction
* Heat of addition reaction
* * Heat of acetalization
* * Heat of acylation
* * * Heat of biotinylation
* * * Heat of carbonylation
* * * Heat of carboxylation
* * * Heat of hydroformylation
h * * Heat of alkenylation
* * * Heat of vinylation
* * Heat of alkylation
* * * Heat of cyanoethylation
* * * Heat of Michael reaction
* * * Heat of Prins reaction
* * Heat of amination
* * Heat of halogenation
* * * Heat of bromination
* * * Heat of chlorination
* * * Heat of fluorination
* * * Heat of iodination
* * (Heat of hydroaddition)
* * * Heat of hydroboration
* * * Heat of hydrocyanation
* * * Heat of hydrohalogenation
* * * * Heat of hydrobromination
* * * * Heat of hydrochlorination
* * * * Heat of hydrofluorination
* * * Heat of hydrometalation
* * * * Heat of hydroalumination
i * * * Heat of hydrosilylation
* * Heat of hydrogenation
* * Heat of insertion reaction
* * Heat of metalation
* * * Heat of mercuration
* * * Heat of oxymetalation
* * * * Heat of oxymercuration
* * (Heat of organo-metal addition)
* * * Heat of Grignard reaction
* * * Heat of Reformatskii reaction
* * (Heat of O-addition)
* * * Heat of hydration and Heat of
dehydration
* * * Heat of hydroxylation
* * * Heat of ozonization
* * Heat of polymerization
* * * Heat of crosslinking
* * * * Heat of vulcanization
* * * Heat of dimerization
* * * Heat of telomerization
* * * Heat of trimerization
* * Heat of silylation
* Heat of cavitation
j * Heat of cementation
* * Heat of aluminizing
* * Heat of boronizing
* * Heat of carbonitridation
* * Heat of carburization
* * Heat of chromizing
* * Heat of nitridation
* * Heat of sherardization
* * Heat of siliconization
* * Heat of sulfurization
* Heat of chain transfer
* Heat of chemisorption
* (Heat of color reactions)
* * Heat of Maillard reaction
* Heat of condensation reaction
* * Heat of adol condensation
* * Heat of amidation
* * * Heat of Merrifield synthesis
* * Heat of amination
* * Heat of coupling reaction
* * * Heat of Kolbe's electrochemical
reaction
k * * * Heat of Ullmann reaction
* * Heat of esterification
* * Heat of etherification
* * Heat of imination
* * * Heat of oximation
* * Heat of Knoevenagel reaction
* * Heat of Mannich reaction
* * Heat of Perkin reaction
* * Heat of polymerization
* * Heat of Wittig reaction
* Heat of coordination
* * Heat of aquation
* * Heat of deaquation
* Heat of decomposition
* * Heat of carbonization and Heat of
coking
* * Heat of cracking
* * * Heat of dealkylation
* * * Heat of hydrocracking
* * Heat of decarbonylation
* Heat of decarboxylation
l * * Heat of depolmerization
* * Heat of dissociation
* * Heat of Edman degradation
* * Heat of electrolysis
* * Heat of fragmentation reaction
* * Heat of glycolysis
* * Heat of hydrogenolysis
* * Heat of photolysis
* * Heat of polymer degradation
* * Heat of radiolysis
* * Heat of thermal decomposition
* Heat of electron exchange
* Heat of elimination reaction
* * Heat of decarbonylation
* * Heat of dehalogenation
* * * Heat of debromination
* * * Heat of dechlorination
* * * Heat of deiodination
* * (Heat of dehydroamination)
* * * Heat of Hofmann degradation
* * Heat of dehydrogenation
m * * Heat of dehydrohalogenation
* * * Heat of dehydrobromination
* * * Heat of dehydrochlorination
* * * Heat of dehydrofluorination
* * Heat of deoxidation
* Heat of hydration and Heat of
dehydration
* * (Heat of retrogressive substitution)
* * * Heat of deacylation
* * * * Heat of deacetylation
* * * * Heat of decarboxylation
* * * Heat of dealkylation
* * * * Heat of debenzylation
* * * * Heat of demethylation
* * * Heat of deamination
* * * Heat of dehalogenation
* * * * Heat of debromination
* * * * Heat of dechlorination
* * * * Heat of deiodination
* * * Heat of dehydroxylation
* * * Heat of demetalation
* * * * Heat of demercuration
n * * * Heat of dephosphorylation
* * * Heat of desulfurization
* Heat of fermentation
* Heat of formation
* Heat of graphitization
* Heat of Hill reaction
* Heat of hot-atom reaction
* Heat of hydrogen transfer
* * Heat of hydride shift
* * Heat of hydride transfer
* * Heat of hydrogen shift
* * Heat of protonation
* Heat of inclusion reaction
* Heat of ionization
* * Heat of protonation
* Heat of ion-molecule reaction
* Heat of isomerization
* * Heat of allylic rearrangement
* * Heat of hydride shift
* * Heat of hydrogen shift
* * (Heat of stereoisomerization)
o * * * Heat of epimerization
* * * Heat off mutarotation
* * * Heat of racemization
* * Heat of tautomerization
* Heat of neutralization
* Heat of nitrification
* Heat of passivation
* Heat of rearrangement
* * Heat of Beckmann rearrangement
* * Heat of Claisen rearrangement
* * Heat of Cope rearrangement
* * Heat of Curtius reaction
* * Heat of Favorskii rearrangement
* * Heat of Fries rearrangement
* * Heat of Pummerer reaction
* * Heat of Schmidt reaction
* * Heat of Stevens rearrangement
* * Heat of Wagner-Meerwein rearrangement
* * Heat of Wolff rearrangement
* Heat of redox reaction
p * * Heat of disproportionation
* * * Heat of Cannizzaro reaction
* * * Heat of double decomposition
* * * Heat of redistribution reaction
* * Heat of oscillating reaction
* * Heat of oxidation
* * * Heat of ammoxidation
* * * Heat of aromatization
* * * Heat of combustion
* * * * Heat of detonation
* * * * Heat of ignition
* * * Heat of dehydrogenation
* * * Heat of epoxidation
* * * Heat of ozygenation
* * * Heat of ozonization
* * * Heat of peroxidation
* * Heat of reduction
* * * Heat of Birch reduction
* * * Heat of deoxidation
* * * Heat of hydrogenation
q * * * Heat of hydrogenolysis
* * * Heat of methanation
* * * Heat of nitrogen fixation
* Heat of reforming
* Heat of ring cleavage
* Heat of ring closure
* * Heat of coordination
chelation
* * Heat of cycloaddition reaction
* * Heat of cyclocondensation reaction
* * Heat of Dieckmann condensation
* * Heat of Diels-Alder reaction
* * Heat of Fischer indole synthesis
* * Heat of lactonization
* * Heat of Simmons-Smith reaction
* Heat of ring contraction
* Heat of ring enlargement
* Heat of saccharification
* Heat of solvation
* Heat of solvolysis
* * (Heat of acidolysis)
* * * Heat of acetolysis
r * * * Heat of formolysis
* * Heat of alcoholysis
* * * Heat of ethanolysis
* * * Heat of methanolysis
* * Heat of aminolysis
* * * Heat of ammonolysis
* * * Heat of hydrazinolysis
* * Heat of hydrolysis
* * * Heat of saponification
* Heat of substitution reaction
* * Heat of acylation
* * * Heat of acetylation
* * * Heat of alkoxycarbonylation
* * * * Heat of methoxycarbonylation
* * * Heat of aminoacylation
* * Heat of benzoylation
* * Heat of biotinylation
* * * Heat of carbamoylation
* * * Heat of carbonylation
* * * Heat of carboxylation
s * * * Heat of formylation
* * * * Heat of Vilsmeier reaction
* * * Heat of Friedel-Crafts reaction
* * Heat of alkenylation
* * * Heat of allylation
* * * Heat of vinylation
* * Heat of alkylation
* * * Heat of aminoalkylation
* * * Heat of aralkylation
* * * * Heat of benzylation
* * * Heat of butylation
* * * * Heat of tert-butylation
* * * Heat of ethylation
* * * * Heat of hydroxtyethylation
* * * Heat of Friedel-Crafts reaction
* * * Heat of haloalkyation
* * * Heat of hydroxyalkylation
* * * Heat of isopropylation
* * * Heat of methylation
* * * * Heat of aminomethylation
t * * * * Heat of benzylation
* * * * Heat of carboxymethylation
* * * * Heat of halomethylation
* * * * * Heat of chloromethylation
* * * * Heat of hydroxymethylation
* * * Heat of transalkylation
* * (Heat of alkylidenation)
* * * Heat of methylenation
* * Heat of alkynylation
* * * Heat of ethynylation
* * Heat of arylation
* * * Heat of phenylation
* * Heat of cyanation
* * Heat of cycloalkylation
* * Heat of deuteration
* * Heat of diazotization
* * Heat of esterification
* * Heat of etherification
* * * Heat of glycosidation
* * Heat of exchange reaction
* * Heat of halogenation
u * * * Heat of bromination
* * * Heat of chlorination
* * * * Heat of oxychlorination
* * * Heat of fluorination
* * * Heat of iodination
* * Heat of metalation
* * * Heat of lithiation
* * * Heat of mercuration
* * (Heat of N-substitution)
* * * Heat of amination
* * * * Heat of ammoxidation
* * * Heat of amidation
* * * Heat of imination
* * * Heat of nitration
* * * Heat of nitrotsation
* * * Heat of quaternization
* * * * Heat of Menshutkin reaction
* * * Heat of transamination
* * (Heat of O-substitution)
* * * Heat of acetoxylation
* * * Heat of alkoxylation
* * * * Heat of ethoxylation
v * * * * Heat of methoxylation
* * * Heat of hydroxylation
* * (Heat of P-substitution)
* * * Heat of Arbuzov reaction
* * * Heat of phosphonylation
* * * Heat of phosphorylation
* * Heat of silylation
* * (Heat of S-substitution)
* * * Heat of sulfation
* * * Heat of sulfonation
* * * Heat of sulfonylation
* * * * Heat of chlorosulfonylation
* * * Heat of sulfuration
* * * Heat of sulfurization
* Heat of transesterification
* Heat of tritiation
* Heat of water gas shift reaction
Irreversible process
* Dissipative structures
* Onsager reciprocal relation
Partial molecular quantity
* Chemical potential
w * Gibbs-Duhem-Margules equation
Pressure
* Internal pressure
* Osmotic pressure
* * Osmotic coefficient
* Vapor pressure
* * Acentric factor
* * Antoine equation
* * Clapeyron equation
* * Dissociation pressure
* * Henry's law
* * Raoult's law
* * Partial pressure
Temperature
* Body temperature
* Electron temperature
* Geological temperature
* Isokinetic and isoequilibrium relations temp.
* Magnetic temperature
* Nuclear temperature
* (Phase transition temperature)
x * * Boiling point
* * Bose-Einstein condensation
* * Critical constant temp.
* * * Critical solution temperature
* * Compensation point
* * Curie point, ferromagnetic
* * Debye temperature
* * Glass temperature and transition
* * Lambda point
* * Melting point
* * Neel point
* * Polycritical points
* * Solidification point
* * * Freezing point
* * Triple point
* Temperature effects, biological
* Thermal spike and Displacement spike
* Zero absolute
Thermal analysis
* Thermogravimetric analysis
y Thermodynamic cycle
Volume
* Activation volume
* Atomic volume
* Molar volume and Molecular volume
* Specific volume
Work, mechanical

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