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CA Index Guide (Appendix I) 1994

General Subject Headings | Keyword Index

Subject Headings 5a-z

A publication of the Chemical Abstracts Service published by the American Chemical Society, and reproduced here with permission from the Chemical Abstracts Service.

5. APPARATUS
	sections: a - z		aa - ap
             (Biological and                                            
                   medical apparatus)                                     
a              Aspirators                                                 
               * Contraceptives                                           
               * Fluoroscopes                                             
               * Hematocrit                                               
               * Medical goods                                            
               * * Tourniquets                                            
               * Microtomes                                               
               * Oximeters                                                
               * Prosthetic materials                                     
                    and Prosthetics                                       
               * Respirators                                              
               * Respirometers                                            
               * * Spirometers                                            
               * * Warburg apparatus                                      
               * Sterilization and                                        
                    Disinfection                                          
                    app.                                                  
               Containers                                                 
               * Ampuls                                                   
               * Aquariums                                                
               * Bags                                                     
               *Barrels                                                   
b              * Baths, apparatus                                         
               * Bins                                                     
               * Bottles                                                  
               * Buckets                                                  
               * Cans                                                     
               * Capsules                                                 
               * Collecting apparatus                                     
               * Cones                                                    
               * * Nose cones                                             
               * Crucibles                                                
               * Cuvettes                                                 
               * Cylinders                                                
               * Dishes                                                   
               * Enameled ware                                            
               * Filter flash                                             
               * Glove boxes                                              
               * Hot cells                                                
               * Laboratory ware                                          
               * Pans                                                     
               *Plates and Trays                                          
c              * Pressure vessels                                         
               * Radomes                                                  
               * Spheres                                                  
               Electric apparatus                                         
               * Antennas                                                 
               * Batteries, primary                                       
               * Batteries, secondary                                     
               * * Fuel cells                                             
               * * * Fuel-cell                                            
                   electrolytes                                           
               * * Nuclear batteries                                      
               * Battery electrolytes                                     
               * Computers                                                
               * Coulometers                                              
               * Electric appliances                                      
               * Electric circuits                                        
               * * Electric amplifiers                                    
               * * * Solions                                              
               * * Electric capacitors                                    
               * * Electric coils                                         
               * * Electric conductors                                    
d              * * Electric conductory,                                   
                    ceramic                                               
               * * * Electric conductors                                  
                    glass                                                 
               * * * Electric conductory,                                 
                    polymeric                                             
               * * * Electric brwhes                                      
               * * * Electric cables                                      
               * * * Electric contacts                                    
               * * * Photoconductors                                      
               * * * Superconductors                                      
               * * * * Superconductor devices                             
               * * Electric filters                                       
               * * Electric fuses                                         
               * * Electric insulators                                    
                    and Dielectric                                        
               * * Electric rectifiers                                    
               * * Electric resistors                                     
               * * * Magnetoresistors                                     
               * * * Piezoresistors                                       
               * * Electric switches and                                  
                     switching                                            
               * * * Cryotrons                                            
               * * * Electric circuit                                     
                    breakers                                              
               * * * Electric relays                                      
e              * * Electron tubes                                         
               * * * Diodes                                               
               * * * Cathode-ray tubes                                    
               * * * Oscilloscopes and                                    
                      Oscillographs                                       
               * * * Thermionic energy                                    
                    converters                                            
               * * Galvanostats                                           
               * * Integrators                                            
               * * Oscillators and                                        
                   Resonators                                             
               * * Potentiometers                                         
               * * Potentiostats                                          
               * * Semiconductor devices                                  
               * * * Diodes                                               
               * * * Semiconductor                                        
                   junctions                                              
               * * * Thyristors                                           
               * * * Transistors                                          
               * * Transformers                                           
               * * Waveguides                                             
               * * X-ray devices                                          
               * Electric discharge                                       
                   devices                                                
               * * Spark plugs                                            
f              * Electric generators                                      
               * Electric lamps                                           
               * * Flash lamps                                            
               * * Safety lamps                                           
               * Electric meters                                          
               * Electric motors                                          
               * Electrodeposition                                        
                   and Electroplating                                     
                     app.                                                 
               * * Solions                                                
               * Electrodes                                               
               * * Anodes                                                 
               * * Cathodes                                               
               * Electrodiffusion                                         
                    app.                                                  
               * * Dialyzers                                              
                    electro-                                              
               * * Electroosmosis                                         
                    app.                                                  
               * * Electrophoresis and                                    
                    Ionophoresis                                          
                     app.                                                 
               * Electroluminescent devices                               
               * * Luminescent screens                                    
                   electro-                                               
               * Electrolytic cells                                       
               * Electron sources                                         
               * Electroscopes                                            
g              * Heating systems and                                      
                    Heaters                                               
                      elec.                                               
                      [See "High- and
                       low-temperature                                    
                       apparatus" in
                       this hierarchy]                                    
               * Ion sources                                              
               * Magnets                                                  
                  electro-                                                
               * * Solenoids                                              
               * Memory devices                                           
                   elec.                                                  
               * Microwave devices                                        
               * Molecular electronic devices                             
               * Optical instruments                                      
                   electro-                                               
                     [See "Optical equipment"
                       in this hierarchy]                                 
               * Polarographs                                             
               * Potentiometry                                            
                   app.                                                   
               * * Chronopotentiometry                                    
                   app.                                                   
               * Radar                                                    
               * Radio-wave devices                                       
               * Recording apparatus                                      
                   elec.                                                  
                    [See "Reproduction                                    
                     and reprographic                                     
                     equipment" in
                     this hierarchy]                                      
               * Sensory                                                  
               * * Biosensors                                             
               * * Optical detectors                                      
               * * Radiation counters                                     
                    and detectors                                         
               * Transducers                                              
               * * Acoustic devices                                       
h              * * * Radios                                               
               * * * * Radiosondes                                        
               * * * Sonar                                                
               * * * Telephones                                           
               * * Photoelectric devices                                  
               * * * Cameras                                              
                    television                                            
               * * * Cathode-ray tubes                                    
                    television                                            
               * * * * Luminescent                                        
                    screens                                               
                       cathodo-, for television                           
               * * * Photoelectric devices,                               
                     solar                                                
               * * Thermoelectric devices                                 
               * Voltammetry                                              
                    app.                                                  
               * * Amperometry                                            
                    app.                                                  
               * * * Chronoamperometry                                    
                    app.                                                  
               (Energy Generators, Converters                             
                   and Processing equipment)                              
               * Acoustic devices                                         
               * * Radios                                                 
               * * * Radiosondes                                          
               * * Sonar                                                  
               * * Telephones                                             
               * Antennas                                                 
               * Electric apparatus                                       
                    [See "Electric apparatus"
                     in this hierarchy]                                   
i              * Engines                                                  
               * Hydraulic systems                                        
               * Magnets                                                  
               * * Magnetic cores                                         
               * * Magnetic shunts                                        
               * * Solenoids                                              
               * Oscillators and Resonators                               
               * * Quantum amplification                                  
                   app.                                                   
               * * * Lasers                                               
               * * * Masers                                               
               * Solar collectors                                         
               * Transducers                                              
               * Transmiuions                                             
               * * Turbines                                               
               * Vibration                                                
                    dampers                                               
               (Explosive and pyrotechnic                                 
                   devices, Weapons)                                      
               * Cartridges                                               
               * Detonators                                               
               * Explosives                                               
               * Fuses, explosives                                        
               * Igniters and Lighters                                    
j              * * Spark plugs                                            
               * Incendiary devices and                                   
                    materials                                             
               * Matches                                                  
               * Primers, explosive                                       
               * Projectiles                                              
               * * Torpedoes (weapons)                                    
               * (Pyrotechnic devices)                                    
               * * Flares                                                 
               * (Weapons)                                                
               * * Ammunition                                             
               * * Bombs (explosives)                                     
               * * * Nuclear bombs                                        
               * * Cuns                                                   
               (High- and low-temperature                                 
                    apparatus)                                            
               * Air conditioning                                         
                    app.                                                  
               * Air purification                                         
                    app.                                                  
               * Appliances                                               
               * * Electric appliances                                    
               * * Gas appliances                                         
               * Ashing                                                   
                    app.                                                  
               * Autoclaves                                               
               * Baths, apparatus                                         
               * * Cryostats                                              
k              * Boilers                                                  
               * Burners                                                  
               * Calcination                                              
                    app.                                                  
               * Canning                                                  
                    app.                                                  
               * Casting process                                          
                    app.                                                  
               * Coke ovens                                               
               * Converters                                               
               * Cooling apparatus                                        
               * Crucibles                                                
               * Cupolas                                                  
               * Fire boxes                                               
               * Firing, heat-treating                                    
                   process                                                
                    app.                                                  
               * Fluidized beds and systems                               
               * Furnaces                                                 
               * * Furnaces, blast                                        
               * * Furnaces, electric                                     
               * Hearths                                                  
               * Heating systems and                                      
                    Heaters                                               
               * Heat-exchange apparatus                                  
               * Heat pumps                                               
l              * Heat sinks                                               
               * Incinerators                                             
               * Kilns                                                    
               * Melting                                                  
                    app.                                                  
               * Muffles                                                  
               * Ovens                                                    
               * Percolators                                              
               * Pyrite burners                                           
               * Pyrometric cones                                         
               * Radiators                                                
               * Refrigerating apparatus                                  
               * Sintering                                                
                   app.                                                   
               * Stoves                                                   
               * Sulfur burners                                           
               * Torches                                                  
               Household furnishings                                      
               * Appliances                                               
               * * Electric appliances                                    
               * * Gas appliances                                         
               * * Heating systems and Heaters                            
m              * * * Furnaces                                             
               * * * * Furnaces, electric                                 
               * * * Ovens                                                
               * * * Stoves                                               
               * Cooking utensils                                         
               * Cutlery                                                  
               * * Knives                                                 
               * Dishes                                                   
               * * China                                                  
               * Eating utensils                                          
               * Furniture                                                
               * * Tables                                                 
               * Coldware                                                 
               * Silverware                                               
               Instrumentation                                            
                     [Unnamed apparatus                                   
                     for determining                                      
                     properties is                                        
                     indexed                                              
                     at the named                                         
                     property heading]                                    
               * Computers                                                
               * * Memory devices                                         
               * Control apparatus                                        
               * * Actuators                                              
               * * Baffles                                                
n              * * Baths, apparatus                                       
               * * * Cryostats                                            
               * * Carburetors                                            
               * * Gyroscopes                                             
               * * Magnetic apparatus                                     
               * * Pressure                                               
                   regulators                                             
               * * Process control and                                    
                    dynamics                                              
                   app.                                                   
               * * Robotics                                               
               * * Sensors                                                
               * * * Biosensors                                           
               * * * Optical detectors                                    
               * * * Radiation counters                                   
                    and detectors                                         
               * * Servomechanisms                                        
               * * Smudge pots                                            
               * * Thermal switches                                       
               * * Thermoregulators                                       
               * * Valves                                                 
               * Electric apparatus                                       
                   [See "Electric apparatus"
                    in this hierarchy]                                    
               * Measuring apparatus                                      
               * * Accelerometers                                         
o              * * Analysis                                               
                   app.                                                   
               * * * Burets                                               
               * * * * Stopcocks                                          
               * * * Eudiometers                                          
               * * * Lysimeters                                           
               * * * Magnetic analysis                                    
                    and testing                                           
                      app.                                                
               * * * Nitrometers                                          
               * * * Oximeters                                            
               * * * Saccharimeters                                       
               * * * Sampling apparatus                                   
               * * * Separators                                           
                   [See "Separators"
                     in this hierarchy]                                   
               * * * Thermal analysis                                     
                   app.                                                   
               * * * *  Thermobalances                                    
               * * * *  Thermogravimetric                                 
                    analysis                                              
                       app.                                               
               * * * Titrators                                            
               * * Calibration                                            
                   app.                                                   
               * * Calorimeters                                           
               * * Compasses                                              
               * * Counters                                               
               * * * Radiation counters                                   
                    and detectors                                         
p              * * Cryoscopes                                             
               * * Diffractometers                                        
               * * Dynamometers                                           
               * * Ebulliometers                                          
               * * Estensometers                                          
               * * Flowmeters                                             
               * * * Anemometers                                          
               * * * Venturi tuoes                                        
               * * Goniometers                                            
               * * Gravitometers                                          
               * * Hydrometers                                            
               * * Hygrometers                                            
               * * Isoteniscopes                                          
               * * Magnetic apparatus                                     
               * * * Magnetic analysis                                    
                     and testing                                          
                     app.                                                 
               * * * Magnetic balances                                    
               * * * Magnetometers                                        
               * * Manometers                                             
               * * * Pitot tubes                                          
               * * Micrometers                                            
q              * * Monochromators                                         
               * * Osmometers                                             
               * * Penetrometers                                          
               * * Piezometers                                            
               * * Planimeters                                            
               * * Profilometers                                          
               * * Pycnometers                                            
               * * Radar                                                  
               * * Radiation counters                                     
                     and detectors                                        
               * * * Bubble chambers                                      
               * * * Cloud chambers                                       
               * * * Dosimeters                                           
               * * * Hodoscopes                                           
               * * * Ionization chambers                                  
               * * * Optical detectors                                    
               * * * * Photometers                                        
               * * * * * Actinometers                                     
               * * Respirometers                                          
               * * * Spirometers                                          
               * * * Warburg apparatus                                    
r              * * Sclerometers                                           
               * * Sedimentometers                                        
               * * Sensors                                                
               * * * Biosensors                                           
               * * * Optical detectors                                    
               * * * Radiation counters                                   
                   and detectors                                          
               * * Sonar                                                  
               * * Spectrometers                                          
               * * * Mass spectrometers                                   
               * * * Nuclear spectrometers                                
               * * Spectroscopes                                          
               * * Stalagmometers                                         
               * * Tensiometers                                           
               * * Thermometers                                           
               * * * Pyrometers                                           
               * * * Pyrometric cones                                     
               * * * Thermocouples                                        
               * * Timing apparatus                                       
               * * * Clocks                                               
               * * * Watches 8                                            
               * * Viscometers                                            
               * * Weighing                                               
                    app.                                                  
               * * * Balances                                             
               * * * * Thermobalances                                     
               * (Optical apparatus)                                      
                   [See "Optical equipment"
                   in this hierarchy]                                     
               * Radiation counters and                                   
                    detectors                                             
               * Slide rules                                              
               * Wind tunnels                                             
               Machinery                                                  
               (Machine components)                                       
               * Bearings                                                 
               * Belts                                                    
               * Bolts                                                    
               * Bushings                                                 
               * Clutches                                                 
               * Coils                                                    
               * Crankshafts                                              
               * Cylinders                                                
               * Disks                                                    
               * Gears                                                    
               * Journals                                                 
               * Magnets                                                  
t              * Micromachines                                            
               * Nanomachines                                             
               * Nuts (mechanical)                                        
               * Orifices                                                 
               * Pistons                                                  
               * * Piston rings                                           
               * Pulleys                                                  
               * Rivets                                                   
               * Rolls                                                    
               * Screws                                                   
               * Spark plugs                                              
               * Springs (mechanical)                                     
               * Wheels                                                   
               (Materials processing                                      
                   and transfer                                           
                      apparatus)                                          
               * Aeration                                                 
                     app.                                                 
               * Air purification                                         
                    app.                                                  
               * Applicators                                              
               * Bellows                                                  
               * Blowers                                                  
               * Blowpipes                                                
               * Brushes (apparatus)                                      
u              * Bubbling app.                                            
               * Burets                                                   
               * Cleaning                                                 
                   app.                                                   
               * Coating process                                          
                   app.                                                   
               * * Electrodeposition                                      
                    and Electroplating                                    
                   app.                                                   
               * * Epitaxy                                                
                   app.                                                   
               * * Sputtering                                             
                   app.                                                   
               * Columns and Towers                                       
               * Compressors                                              
               * Contacting apparatus                                     
               * Conveyors                                                
               * * Belts                                                  
               * Dairy industry                                           
                   app.                                                   
               * Delivery apparatus                                       
               * Dipping apparatus                                        
               * Discharging apparatus                                    
               * Dispensing apparatus                                     
               * Distributing apparatus                                   
               * Dropping devices                                         
               * Dusting apparatus                                        
v              * Ejectors                                                 
               * Exhaust systems                                          
               * Fans                                                     
               * Feeding apparatus                                        
               * Feeding techniques                                       
               * Filling apparatus                                        
               * * Funnels                                                
               * (Forming apparatus)                                      
               * * Cutting apparatus                                      
               * * * Blades                                               
               * * * Engraving                                            
                      app.                                                
               * * * Knives                                               
               * * * Microtomes                                           
               * * Dies                                                   
               * * Extrusion apparatus                                    
               * * * Extrusion apparatus                                  
                    for plastics                                          
                      and rubbers                                         
               * * Lapping tools                                          
               * * Mandrels                                               
               * * Micromachines                                          
               * * Molding                                                
                    app.                                                  
               * * * Molding apparatus for                                
                     plastics and                                         
                         rubbers                                          
w              * * * Molds (forms)                                        
               * * Piercing apparatus                                     
               * * * Needles                                              
               * * Presses                                                
               * * Punches                                                
               * * Rolls                                                  
               * * Spinning apparatus                                     
               * * Squeezing apparatus                                    
               * * Stamps (apparatus)                                     
               * Impellers                                                
               * Impingement apparatus                                    
               * Impregnation                                             
                    app.                                                  
               * Injectors                                                
               * * Lances                                                 
               * * Syringes                                               
               * Laboratory ware                                          
               * Ladles                                                   
               * Looms                                                    
               * Machining                                                
                    app.                                                  
               * Milking machines                                         
x              * Mixing apparatus                                         
               * * Beaters                                                
               * * Carburetors                                            
               * * Emulsification                                         
                    app.                                                  
               * * Homogenization                                         
                    app.                                                  
               * * Kneading apparatus                                     
               * * Shaking apparatus                                      
               * * Tumbling apparatus                                     
               * * U tubes                                                
               * Nozzles                                                  
               * Packing apparatus                                        
               * Perfusion apparatus                                      
               * Pickling                                                 
                   app.                                                   
               * Pipelines and Pipe                                       
                    systems                                               
               * * Sewers                                                 
               * Pipes and Tubes                                          
               * * Capillary tubes                                        
                   and channels                                           
               * * Heat pipes                                             
               * * Hoses                                                  
               * * Pitot tubes                                            
y              * * U Tubes                                                
               * * Venturi tubes                                          
               * * Vortex tubes                                           
               * Pipets                                                   
               * Polishing                                                
                    app.                                                  
               * * Emery cloth and paper                                  
               * Pouring apparatus                                        
               * Propellers                                               
               * Pumps                                                    
               * Quenching                                                
                    app.                                                  
               * Scraping apparatus                                       
               * Scrubbers                                                
               * Sealing                                                  
                   app.                                                   
               * Separators                                               
                   [See "Separators"
                   in this hierarchy]                                     
               * Shafts                                                   
               * Siphons                                                  
               * Size reduction apparatus                                 
               * * Atomizers, dissociative                                
               * * Granulating apparatus                                  
               *Slides                                                    
z              * Spinning apparatus                                       
               * Spraying apparatus                                       
               * * Atomizers, spraying                                    
               * * Sprinklers                                             
               * Spreading apparatus                                      
               * Suction apparatus                                        
               * Textile printing                                         
                    app.                                                  
               * Toilets                                                  
               * Transferring apparatus                                   
               * Tuyeres                                                  
               * Vibratory apparatus                                      
               * * Shaking apparatus                                      
               * Washing apparatus                                        
               * * Dishwashing                                            
                    app.                                                  
               * Welding                                                  
               Nuclear installations                                      
               * Accelerators                                             
               * * Bebatrons                                              
               * * Cyclotrons                                             
               * * Microtrons

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Last modified: June 24, 2005

   
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